Published: 
February, 2014

This paper sets out various dilemmas faced by practitioners undertaking fact-finding missions, based on a desk analysis and extensive interviews with expert practitioners. The paper addresses the challenges, both practical and theoretical, related to standards of proof and information collection and suggests policy options that might be pursued moving forward.

Published: 
July, 2014

This working paper examines how monitoring, reporting, and fact-finding (MRF) missions have responded to challenges regarding public communication and report drafting. Overall, the paper aims to present a portrait of the views and practices of the MRF community — as well as the implications of different approaches — regarding transparency. What should MRF practitioners communicate publicly? What information should be kept private? When a mission does communicate publicly, how should practitioners do so? What factors should shape practitioners’ communications strategies?

Published: 
August, 2014

This paper examines follow-up measures that have been undertaken in the wake of reports published by monitoring, reporting, and fact-finding missions tasked to investigate alleged violations of international humanitarian law and human rights. Section 1 explores the perspectives of both MRF practitioners and scholars on the importance of recommendations offered in MRF reports. Section 2 examines the impacts that MRF practitioners seek to achieve. Section 3 provides an overview of the methodological dilemmas of assessing the outcomes of MRF work.

Claude Bruderlein is a Senior Researcher at the Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research at Harvard University (HPCR) and Strategic Advisor at the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). Claude founded HPCR in 2000 and served as the Program's Director until 2012. He maintains a faculty research and teaching appointment at Harvard University.

Paulo Pinheiro is currently the Chairman of the United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Syria, mandated in 2011 by the United Nations Human Rights Council, and a Commissioner for the National Truth Commission for Brazil, mandated in 2011 by the Government of Brazil.  He served as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Myanmar from 2000 to 2008, the Independent Expert for the United Nations Secretary-General’s Study on Violence Against Children from 2003 to 2006, and the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Burundi from 1995 to 1999.  He was also a Commissioner on th

Cynthia Petrigh has been working in the field of Human rights, IHL, and peace processes for the past 19 years.  Her international experience includes setting up a rehabilitation center for victims of torture (as Executive Director of Centre Nassim in Beirut), teaching (as Director of the refugee law courses at the International Institute of Humanitarian Law in San Remo), and supporting peace processes (as Director of Policy and Comparative Learning at Conciliation Resources in London).  She directly participated in MRF missions as a Human Rights Expert for the Kyrgyzs

Beatrice Mégevand-Roggo holds a masters in Political Science (contemporary history and international relations) from Università Statale in Milan (Italy).  After working as an assistant professor at Università degli Studi, as a free-lance journalist, and as a consultant to NGOs for the assessment/monitoring of development projects in several countries in Africa and Latin America, she joined the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in 1987.  She worked in a wide range of regions, including Latin America, the Balkans, the Caucasus, Africa, and the Middle East.

Philippe Kirsch recently served as the Chairperson for the United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Libya and as a Commissioner for the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry.  He served as Chairman of the Committee of the Whole of the Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of the International Criminal Court in 1998 and as the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission for the ICC from 1999 to 2002.  Subsequently, he served as the first president and as a judge for the ICC.  He has also been engaged in the development of international criminal

Hina Jilani is a human rights activist from Lahore, Pakistan.  From 2000 to 2008, she served as the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General on Human Rights Defenders, for which she undertook visits to numerous countries, including Angola, Indonesia, Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories, Kyrgyzstan, and Serbia.  She also served as a Member of the United Nations Fact-finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict in 2009 and on the International Commission of Inquiry on Darfur from 2004 to 2005.  She is one of the founders of the Human Rights Com

Luc Côté has been a Criminal Law attorney for nearly 30 years, the last 20 years in International Criminal Law.  In 2001, he graduated from the Higher Institute of International Studies in Geneva.  He worked in international prosecutions (Senior Legal Adviser with ICTR for 4 years, Chief of Prosecutions for the Special Court for Sierra Leone for 3 years).  Following that, he acted as Executive Director of the UN Independent Special Commission of Inquiry for Timor-Leste (2006), the UN mapping exercise conducted in the DRC (2008), and the Independent International Commi

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