Faine Greenwood is an assistant researcher at the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, focusing on how UAV and satellite technology can be used in humanitarian contexts. A graduate of Stanford University and Tulane University, Greenwood is a former Southeast Asia correspondent and a recreational drone pilot. 

The Harvard Humanitarian Initiative Instructional Media Coordinator (IMC) will  work closely with the team on key programs of the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative’s educational arm, the Humanitarian Academy at Harvard, and will also contribute to special projects for HHI as a whole.  The IMC will develop a new Humanitarian Academy at Harvard learning management system and will integrate the current HHI/Academy programs with this new LMS.  In addition, s/he will manage other customized learning management systems for programs focused on humanitarian learning as well as a numb

Dr. Alexandros Lordos holds a PhD in Clinical Psychology from the University of Cyprus.

Adrienne L. Fricke is a Senior Fellow at the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative where she is studying policy initiatives to improve access to healthcare for Syrian refugees, and a consultant specializing in human rights and refugee-related issues in the Middle East and Africa.

Hichem is the 2016-2017 Australian American Fulbright Scholar for Non-Profit Leadership, and Senior Fellow at the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI), where he will collaborate with HHI experts to develop a research agenda on quality of care in humanitarian emergencies and resilience of health systems in sudden onset disasters. He holds a bilingual French-English Masters in Management from ESCP-Europe (1998).

Dr. Francisco Pietro Castrillo holds a PhD in Physics from the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid and Universidad do Minho. His thesis was “On the Dynamics of Rigid Block Structures, applications to SDOF Masonry Collapse Mechanisms.”   Francisco’s resume reflects a clear cross-disciplinary activity in science and engineering.

Birthe holds a PhD in War Studies from the Department of War Studies, King’s College London, and a Diplom in Political Science and Law from Philipps Universität Marburg, Germany. Her research focusses on Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs), NGO security and civil-military relations. In addition she has also conducted research on IHL, particularly the regulation of PMSCs and on German and European Defense and Security Policy, including on maritime security. From 2015/16 she was Fritz Thyssen Fellow at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University.

Sean Kivlehan, MD, MPH is the International Emergency Medicine Fellowship Director at Brigham and Women’s Hospital.  He works as an attending physician in the Emergency Department at the Brigham and is an Instructor of Emergency Medicine at Harvard Medical School.  He has worked as a consultant to the Emergency, Trauma, and Acute Care Program at the World Health Organization and helped develop their Basic Emergency Care course.  He also has an extensive background in EMS, working as a New York City paramedic for ten years and as a member of the NYC Medics disaster response

May, 2004

Urban warfare constitutes one of the most serious threats to the security and integrity of civilians in times of war. It represents, consequently, one of the most challenging areas of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) in practice. This note reviews the rules of IHL applicable to the conduct of hostilities in urban environments, and identifies key legal provisions desgned to enhance the protection of civilians in these areas.