Urban Humanitarian Response and Protection

It is estimated that half of the world’s population currently resides in urban areas, and this number is expected to rise to 5 billion by 2030, with the largest cities emerging in Africa and Asia. Rapid urbanization has led to increased density, overcrowding, and strain on local infrastructure and public services. This, in turn, has reduced the security of urban dwellers, and magnified their vulnerabilities to natural disaster and violent conflict. Along with growing mass urbanization has come an unprecedented level of violence and crime in densely populated slums and shantytowns. Cities like Kingston, Rio de Janeiro, and Mogadishu have become the settings for complex contemporary conflicts. In many countries, this emerging form of violence is considered one of the greatest threats to state security and the protection of populations.

September, 2014