All Resources

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Nepal: The First Two Weeks

In the 12 days since the magnitude 7.8 earthquake in Nepal on 25 April 2015, the international community has witnessed the resulting death toll climb upwards of 7,300 people, with another 14,300 injured, in the midst of aftershocks up to magnitudes of 6.7. According to preliminary assessments,...

May 2015
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  • Humanitarian Action During Transition: Lessons from Colombia

    Over 50 years of internal armed conflict, along with urban violence, have fueled a persistent humanitarian crisis in Colombia. Approximately 12% of the population (5.7 million people) is internally displaced, and many people are dually affected by waves of intensifying conflict and natural...

    May 2015
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  • Satellite Imagery Interpretation Guide: Displaced Population Camps

    Satellite Imagery Interpretation Guide: Displaced Population Camps is intended to help address the absence of public and standardized training resources for those seeking to use high resolution satellite imagery in support of refugee/IDP assistance operations. Students,...

    Apr 2015
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  • The Role of Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-finding in Civilian Protection

    The past several decades have seen a dramatic proliferation of monitoring, reporting, and fact-finding (MRF) missions mandated by governments and international organizations. In the recent session of the United Nations Human Rights Council alone, the Council discussed the most recent report of...

    Apr 2015
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  • Civil-Military Coordination in Humanitarian Protection

    Especially in complex humanitarian emergencies, effective civil-military coordination can be crucial to maintaining humanitarian access, protecting civilians, and managing the security of aid workers. After all, military forces often play a lead role in response to natural disasters or conflicts...

    Mar 2015
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  • Peacebuilding and Reconstruction Polls: Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, Poll Report #1

    This poll is the first of a series of polls that will be conducted to provide reliable data and analysis on peace, security, justice and reconstruction in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The project is a joint initiative of the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI) and the United Nations...

    Mar 2015
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  • Gendered Misconceptions of Militarized Identities: Disarmament, Demobilization, Reintegration of Female Combatants in the DRC

    The prolonged conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has often been mischaracterized by a persistent narrative featuring women as perpetual victims of systemic sexual violence and male rebel groups as perpetrators. This incomplete understanding of the situation has resulted...

    Mar 2015
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  • HPCR Advanced Practitioner's Handbook on Commissions of Inquiry

    The HPCR Advanced Practitioner's Handbook on Commissions of Inquiry was drafted by the Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research (HPCR) in collaboration with the HPCR Group of Professionals on Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-finding, a team of high-level experts set up...

    Mar 2015
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  • Summary of Polio-Related Attacks on Health Workers

    Since 1988, more than 2.5 billion children have been immunized against polio through programs in more than 200 countries involving some 20 million volunteers and an international investment of over US$8 billion. By 2006, polio cases around the world had decreased by over 99% and remained endemic...

    Feb 2015
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  • Private Sector Engagement in Humanitarian Response

    As humanitarian leaders united in Davos this year at the World Economic Forum, one message was clear: the humanitarian system is strained, and increased collaboration with the private sector is crucial for enhancing capacity to respond to the protracted, complex crises currently confronting the...

    Feb 2015
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  • Examining the needs of at-risk youth in the Middle East and North Africa: A multi-method landscape analysis and systematic literature review

    Opportunities for youth can be severely limited among many communities in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region that are disrupted by conflict or impoverishment. Recent political and economic factors, as well as a rapidly growing youth population, have greatly increased the...

    Jan 2015
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  • Key Principles of International Humanitarian Law

    Unit 1.2 of ATHA's International Humanitarian Law Distance Learning Module Series presents An overview and discussion of the key principles of IHL – distinction, proportionality, military necessity, precaution and the reduction of superfluous injury and unnecessary harm – as well as the...

    Jan 2015 Link
    Core Concepts of International Humanitarian Law

    Unit 1.1 of ATHA's International Humanitarian Law DIstance Learning Series explores the primary sources, development, and scope of application of IHL. Also covers the qualification of armed conflict and the interplay between IHL and international human rights law (IHRL).

    Jan 2015 Link
    The Meaningful Application of International Humanitarian Law

    Unit 1.3 of ATHA's International Humanitarian Law Distance Learning Series examines IHL implementation and enforcement mechanisms, transitional justice, and the challenges of humanitarian engagement with the implementation and enforcement of IHL.

    Jan 2015 Link
    Climate Change and Displacement: Addressing Protection Gaps

    Climate change and environmental degradation are increasingly becoming a humanitarian issue. Variability in climate, as well as in increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, is disrupting livelihoods, driving displacement, and contributing to conflicts over increasingly...

    Jan 2015
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  • From Design to Implementation: The Interpretation of Fact-finding Mandates

    The mandate interpretation process is crucial to the implementation of fact-finding missions geared toward investigating alleged violations of international law, including human rights, international criminal law, and international humanitarian law. However, many disagreements exist about...

    Dec 2014
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  • From Design to Implementation: The Interpretation of Fact-finding Mandates Dec 2014
    From Design to Implementation: The Interpretation of Fact-finding Mandates

    The mandate interpretation process is crucial to the implementation of fact-finding missions geared toward investigating alleged violations of international law, including human rights, international criminal law, and international humanitarian law. However, many disagreements exist about...

    Dec 2014
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  • From Isolation to Interoperability: The Interaction of Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-finding Missions and International Criminal Courts and Tribunals

    Over the past few decades, governments have established various international criminal courts and tribunals (ICCTs), including several ad hoc entities — such as the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) —...

    Dec 2014
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  • The Role of Gender in Humanitarian Protection and Response

    What role does gender play in humanitarian crises? How could a gendered lens improve humanitarian practitioners’ approaches to designing and implementing assistance and protection programs in complex environments? A gendered perspective of humanitarian protection focuses on analyzing the...

    Dec 2014
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  • Emerging Issues Facing the Use of Remote Sensing Evidence for International Criminal Justice

    Remote sensing can provide unique, sometimes otherwise unavailable, information about human rights violations occurring in non-permissive environments, over large geographic areas, and across long and multiple timeframes. The evidentiary potential of RS analysis...

    Dec 2014
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  • A New Forensics: Developing Standard Remote Sensing Methodologies to Detect and Document Mass Atrocities

    The aim of this article is to highlight potential methods applicable to a standard forensic approach for the analysis of high-resolution satellite imagery that may contain evidence of alleged mass atrocities. The primary method employed is the retrospective analysis of a case study involving the...

    Nov 2014
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  • Humanitarians Under Attack: Delivering Aid in Insecure Settings

    Recent high-profile attacks on humanitarian professionals in Syria and Iraq call attention to a disturbing trend: humanitarian agencies face growing threats and attacks on their staff. These attacks endanger their lives, violate international humanitarian law, and jeopardize the effective...

    Nov 2014
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  • GRID: A Methodology Integrating Witness Testimony and Satellite Imagery Analysis for Documenting Alleged Mass Atrocities

    This article documents the development and initial use case of the GRID (Ground Reporting through Imagery Delivery) methodology by the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI). GRID was created to support corroboration of witness testimony of mass atrocity related-events using satellite...

    Nov 2014
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  • Resources and resourcefulness: Roles, opportunities and risks for women working at artisanal mines in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Two dominant narratives have characterized the conflict in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC): (1) the horrific abuse of women through sexual violence and (2) the use of “conflict minerals” to fuel the fighting. These two advocacy narratives intersect uniquely in artisanal and...

    Oct 2014
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