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New Challenges of Humanitarian Protection," BMJ vol.319

The fourth Geneva Convention, adopted 50 years ago, on 12 August 1949, describes the actions that warring parties must take to protect civilian populations from the worst excesses of war. Building on the concept developed in the previous three conventions—that certain activities and people...

Aug 1999
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  • New Technologies in Emergencies and Conflicts

    This paper explores communication technology advances as an opportunity for humanitarian organizations to harness modern technology to communicate more effectively with communities affected by disasters and to allow members of those communities to communicate with each other and with the...

    Jan 2009
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  • NGOs’ Rights and Responsibilities for Humanitarian Access

    In recent years, humanitarian organizations have seen a rise in constraints on their access to vulnerable populations in times of conflict or internal disturbance. While international law provides important bases for humanitarian NGOs to obtain access to populations in need, it also...

    Dec 2011
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  • Niamh Gibbons

    Niamh Gibbons is Research and Evaluation Manager for the Advanced Training Program on Humanitarian Action (ATHA) at HHI. Niamh joined the ATHA program after several years overseeing research and evaluation programs at HHI, and researching issues of transitional justice and accountability,...

    Non-Linearity of Engagement: Transnational Armed Groups, International Law, and the Conflict between Al Qaeda and the United States

    The conflict between Al Qaeda and the United States illustrates the evolution of warfare in three respects. • First, in an effort to compensate for the disparity in logistical military capability, a non-state actor party to an international conflict has sought to expand the platform of combat,...

    Jul 2005
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  • Now, The World Is Without Me: An Investigation of Sexual Violence in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

    ‘Now, The World Is Without Me', is an in-depth report commissioned by Oxfam America and carried out by HHI.  The study analyzes data from female rape survivors who were treated in Panzi Hospital in South Kivu Province over a five-year period.  The analysis revealed an alarming increase in...

    Apr 2010
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  • Nowhere to Turn: Failure to Protect, Support and Assure Justice for Darfuri Women

    Nowhere to Turn is a report documenting the scope and long-term impact of rape and other sexual violence experienced by women who fled attacks on their villages in Darfur and are now refugees in neighboring Chad. The report is based on a scientific study, conducted in partnership with...

    May 2009
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  • OCHA Think Brief: Building Data Responsibility into Humanitarian Action

    Building data responsibility into humanitarian action is the first UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs think brief to explore what constitutes the responsible use of data in humanitarian response. It was co written by the Signal Program, NYU Gov Lab and the Center for Innovation...

    May 2016
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  • On Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-finding Mechanisms

    A simple glance at recent news headlines reveals the growing prevalence of international missions tasked to monitor and report on potential violations of international law.  In the past few months alone, the United Nations (UN) dispatched a team to monitor the ceasefire in Syria, and the...

    Jul 2012
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  • On Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-finding Mechanisms

    A simple glance at recent news headlines reveals the growing prevalence of international missions tasked to monitor and report on potential violations of international law.  In the past few months alone, the United Nations (UN) dispatched a team to monitor the ceasefire in Syria, and the United...

    Jul 2012
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  • On the Basis of Humanitarian Need? The Confounding of Operational Decision Making

    A central tenet of international humanitarian assistance is to fulfill the needs of a population unmet by the state in time of crisis. As such, a great deal of importance is placed upon how this need is calculated, how the collection of information might be standardized, and how the gathered...

    Jan 2013
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  • On the Move: Evidence of Civilian Displacement and SAF Control of Kadugli

    Satellite Sentinel Project (SSP) analysis of DigitalGlobe satellite imagery collected 17 June 2011 confirms reports that the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) control Kadugli and that civilians have been displaced to a location north of the town. More than 300 structures consistent with temporary...

    Jun 2011
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  • On the occasion of the Remembrance day, delegation's staff supports ICRC employees who died on mission.
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    Operation Iron Fist I & II (2002-2004)

    The regional expansion of the LRA and the resulting humanitarian crisis brought international attention to the conflict. The international community put pressure on the Sudanese government to allow UPDF counterinsurgency operations on Sudanese soil. In 2002, the Sudanese government...

    Operation Lightening Thunder and LRA migration (2008-2009)

    The failure of the Juba Peace Talks and increasing levels of LRA violence prompted new government military efforts. The UPDF launched an attack on LRA bases in the DRC dubbed “Operation Lightening Thunder” (OLT). This was done in cooperation with the governments of southern...

    Ophelia Dahl
    Opinion: Rape Traumatizes All Congolese, Not Just Women

    Many programs exist in eastern DRC today that assist with the medical and psychological needs of survivors – these programs can be live saving and are desperately important. But women here do not live in a void. They deeply affect those around them and are affected by those people in turn...

    Jan 2011
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  • OPS Issue 1: Legislation Under Article 43 of the Hague Regulations: Belligerent Occupation and Peacebuilding

    Article 43 of the Regulations Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land, annexed to Hague Convention (II) of 1899 and (IV) of 1907, is the linchpin of the international law of belligerent occupation. Two diverse obligations are imposed on the Occupying Power by Hague Article 43: (a) to...

    Oct 2004
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  • OPS Issue 2: Warriors Without Rights? Combatants, Unprivileged Belligerents, and the Struggle Over Legitimacy

    Combatancy has throughout the history of organized warfare been an exclusionary concept. Distinguishing between combatants and civilians has long represented an important aspect of warfare and has been recognized as the indispensable means by which humanitarian principles are injected into the...

    Jan 2005
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  • OPS Issue 3: The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law

    International human rights law and international humanitarian law are parallel and complementary branches of international law with their distinct and distinctive supervision arrangements. In the conflicts taking place in the world today, both the institutions of international humanitarian law...

    May 2005
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  • Organizational Mandates Link
    Orly Stern

    Dr Orly Stern is a researcher, consultant and lawyer, focusing on armed conflict, gender, security and law. Orly has consulted for various international organisations, research institutions and NGOs. She has worked and researched in countries including Iraq, South Sudan, Sierra Leone...

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