All Resources

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The Design and Planning of Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-Finding Missions

The design and planning process is crucial to the implementation of monitoring, reporting, and fact-finding (MRF) mechanisms geared toward investigating violations of international law, including human rights, international criminal law, and international humanitarian law. However, many...

Dec 2013
The Design and Planning of Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-Finding Missions

The design and planning process is crucial to the implementation of monitoring, reporting, and fact-finding (MRF) mechanisms geared toward investigating violations of international law, including human rights, international criminal law, and international humanitarian law. However, many...

Dec 2013
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  • The Dilemmas Relating to Legislation Under Article 43 of the Hague Regulations, and Peace-Building Jun 2004
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  • The Disasters and Emergencies Preparedness Programme (DEPP)

    The Disasters and Emergencies Preparedness Programme (DEPP) works to develop effective response where it is needed most, and aims at a major improvement in the way countries cope with populations caught up in a disaster or conflict. DEPP collaborative approaches improve the quality and...

    Jul 2017
    The European Refugee Crisis: Data, Technology, and Coordination Summit

    On 4 November 2015, the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative is hosting a summit on “The European Refugee Crisis: Data, Technology, and Coordination”. The summit will take place at the Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Science and the Arts. We will bring together key humanitarian decision-makers,...

    The Future of the Afghan Legal System: Perspectives from the Young Generation - Roundtable Report

    The purpose of this report is to present the results of a youth roundtable on constitutional and legal reform, hosted February 5-6, 2003, by the Harvard Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research (HPCR) and co-organized by the Afghanistan Youth Center (AYC). This roundtable discussion...

    Jun 2003
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  • The Future of the Afghan Legal System: Perspectives from the Young Generation - Roundtable Report

    The purpose of this report is to present the results of a youth roundtable on constitutional and legal reform, hosted February 5-6, 2003, by the Harvard Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research (HPCR) and co-organized by the Afghanistan Youth Center (AYC). This roundtable discussion...

    Jun 2003
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  • The Harvard Humanitarian Initiative

    The mission of the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI) is to relieve human suffering in war and disaster by advancing the science and practice of humanitarian response worldwide. HHI fosters interdisciplinary collaboration in order to improve the effectiveness of humanitarian strategies...

    Mar 2014
    The Humanitarian as Negotiator: Developing Capacity Across the Sector

    This paper examines the dynamics at play in ongoing efforts to cultivate negotiation capacity among professionals working in the humanitarian sector. Based on extensive interviews conducted with humanitarian practitioners, this paper addresses three overarching issues. The first is...

    Sep 2017
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  • The ICRC delivered water and food to Nahr al-Bared on Saturday, but access to thousands in need remains limited.
    The Implications of Bassiouni v. Prime Minister for Humanitarian Professionals in Gaza Aug 2010
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  • The Initial Response (1991-1994)

    Diplomatic and military attempts to defeat the LRA were ongoing between 1991-1994. The first government response occurred in 1991 when the Ugandan People’s Defense Forces (UPDF) mounted a four-month military offensive called “Operation North.” Simultaneously, Uganda’s state minister at the...

    The Integration of Humanitarian Action in Political and Security Missions

    In 2000, the Brahimi Report on United Nations (UN) Peace Operationsproposed a set of sweeping reforms geared toward building integrated UN peacekeeping missions. These proposals ushered in a series of structural...

    Feb 2012
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  • The Legality of House Demolitions Under IHL

    This note examines the legal aspects, under international humanitarian law (IHL), of Israel's practice of demolitions of Palestinian houses in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT).1 It outlines the basis, history, and practice of house demolitions, sets forth the relevant IHL...

    May 2004
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  • The Lord’s Resistance Army (1985 - Present)

    The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) has operated for more than two decades in Uganda, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and the Central African Republic (CAR). The group is known for mass murder, mutilation, and ongoing abductions to increase their ranks. Estimates of...

    The LRA killed members of the families of abductees who escaped

    The LRA killed members of the families of abductees who escaped. So in some families in order to protect themselves they collaborated and joined the LRA. They coordinated the activities of the LRA in the communities. They sold their blood in that way by crucifying others. That also...

    The LRA today (2015)

    The LRA continues to attack civilians in CAR, DRC, and, to a lesser extent, South Sudan, manipulating porous borders and regional instability to their advantage. While the present intensity of LRA violence fluctuates from year to year and between countries, the LRA has generally moved...

    The Meaningful Application of International Humanitarian Law

    Unit 1.3 of ATHA's International Humanitarian Law Distance Learning Series examines IHL implementation and enforcement mechanisms, transitional justice, and the challenges of humanitarian engagement with the implementation and enforcement of IHL.

    Jan 2015 Link
    The Pitfalls of Lawlessness: Disorder, Emergencies, and Conflict

    This paper examines the issues of disorder, emergency, and conflict and their management in a rule of law-based framework, with illustration from the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States and the war in Iraq. Noting that the promotion of the rule of law by state...

    Feb 2005
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  • The Politics of Recovery

    During the humanitarian reform process launched in 2005, humanitarian actors introduced early recovery as a humanitarian cluster to facilitate policy linkages between humanitarian relief and development. However, the scope of the early recovery cluster has since broadened to encompass a...

    Sep 2012
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  • The Protection of Humanitarian Aid Workers Under International Law

    Given that aid workers frequently operate in complex and insecure settings, some risks are inherent to humanitarian action. Nonetheless, recent years have seen a significant increase, in absolute terms, in deliberate attacks against humanitarian professionals. Furthermore, most aid...

    Jul 2015
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  • The Razing: Intentional Burning Confirmed at El-Feid, Nuba Mountains

    The Satellite Sentinel Project (SSP) has confirmed that at least 356 structures in the town of el-Feid, located in the Nuba Mountains region of South Kordofan State, Sudan, have been razed. There is evidence that an area in Um Barmbita has also been burned, but no visible structures appear...

    Apr 2011
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  • The Role and Responsibilities of Civil Society in International Humanitarian Law Formulation and Application

    This paper examines the relationship between the legal framework of international humanitarian law (IHL) and civil society actors operating in conflict situations. Attention is paid to assessing the manner in which the latter can play a role in strengthening the humanitarian dimension of the...

    Jun 2007
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  • The Role of Gender in Humanitarian Protection and Response

    What role does gender play in humanitarian crises? How could a gendered lens improve humanitarian practitioners’ approaches to designing and implementing assistance and protection programs in complex environments? A gendered perspective of humanitarian protection focuses on analyzing the...

    Dec 2014
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  • The Role of Humanitarian Professionals in Promoting Respect for IHL

    Amidst recurring violations of international humanitarian law (IHL), strengthening compliance with these international norms is indispensable to the protection of civilians in armed conflict. While improvements in accountability have been brought over recent decades to the international...

    May 2016
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