All Resources

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The Initial Response (1991-1994)

Diplomatic and military attempts to defeat the LRA were ongoing between 1991-1994. The first government response occurred in 1991 when the Ugandan People’s Defense Forces (UPDF) mounted a four-month military offensive called “Operation North.” Simultaneously, Uganda’s state minister at the...

The Integration of Humanitarian Action in Political and Security Missions

In 2000, the Brahimi Report on United Nations (UN) Peace Operationsproposed a set of sweeping reforms geared toward building integrated UN peacekeeping missions. These proposals ushered in a series of structural...

Feb 2012
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  • The Legality of House Demolitions Under IHL

    This note examines the legal aspects, under international humanitarian law (IHL), of Israel's practice of demolitions of Palestinian houses in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT).1 It outlines the basis, history, and practice of house demolitions, sets forth the relevant IHL...

    May 2004
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  • The Lord’s Resistance Army (1985 - Present)

    The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) has operated for more than two decades in Uganda, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and the Central African Republic (CAR). The group is known for mass murder, mutilation, and ongoing abductions to increase their ranks. Estimates of...

    The LRA killed members of the families of abductees who escaped

    The LRA killed members of the families of abductees who escaped. So in some families in order to protect themselves they collaborated and joined the LRA. They coordinated the activities of the LRA in the communities. They sold their blood in that way by crucifying others. That also...

    The LRA today (2015)

    The LRA continues to attack civilians in CAR, DRC, and, to a lesser extent, South Sudan, manipulating porous borders and regional instability to their advantage. While the present intensity of LRA violence fluctuates from year to year and between countries, the LRA has generally moved...

    The Meaningful Application of International Humanitarian Law

    Unit 1.3 of ATHA's International Humanitarian Law Distance Learning Series examines IHL implementation and enforcement mechanisms, transitional justice, and the challenges of humanitarian engagement with the implementation and enforcement of IHL.

    Jan 2015 Link
    The Pitfalls of Lawlessness: Disorder, Emergencies, and Conflict

    This paper examines the issues of disorder, emergency, and conflict and their management in a rule of law-based framework, with illustration from the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States and the war in Iraq. Noting that the promotion of the rule of law by state...

    Feb 2005
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  • The Politics of Recovery

    During the humanitarian reform process launched in 2005, humanitarian actors introduced early recovery as a humanitarian cluster to facilitate policy linkages between humanitarian relief and development. However, the scope of the early recovery cluster has since broadened to encompass a...

    Sep 2012
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  • The Protection of Humanitarian Aid Workers Under International Law

    Given that aid workers frequently operate in complex and insecure settings, some risks are inherent to humanitarian action. Nonetheless, recent years have seen a significant increase, in absolute terms, in deliberate attacks against humanitarian professionals. Furthermore, most aid...

    Jul 2015
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  • The Razing: Intentional Burning Confirmed at El-Feid, Nuba Mountains

    The Satellite Sentinel Project (SSP) has confirmed that at least 356 structures in the town of el-Feid, located in the Nuba Mountains region of South Kordofan State, Sudan, have been razed. There is evidence that an area in Um Barmbita has also been burned, but no visible structures appear...

    Apr 2011
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  • The Role and Responsibilities of Civil Society in International Humanitarian Law Formulation and Application

    This paper examines the relationship between the legal framework of international humanitarian law (IHL) and civil society actors operating in conflict situations. Attention is paid to assessing the manner in which the latter can play a role in strengthening the humanitarian dimension of the...

    Jun 2007
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  • The Role of Gender in Humanitarian Protection and Response

    What role does gender play in humanitarian crises? How could a gendered lens improve humanitarian practitioners’ approaches to designing and implementing assistance and protection programs in complex environments? A gendered perspective of humanitarian protection focuses on analyzing the...

    Dec 2014
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  • The Role of Humanitarian Professionals in Promoting Respect for IHL

    Amidst recurring violations of international humanitarian law (IHL), strengthening compliance with these international norms is indispensable to the protection of civilians in armed conflict. While improvements in accountability have been brought over recent decades to the international...

    May 2016
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  • The Role of International Law in Humanitarian Assistance Link
    The Role of Islam in Shaping the Future of Afghanistan

    In the aftermath of the attacks against the United States on September 11 and the resulting conflict in Afghanistan, Western analysts and the media have referred extensively to Islamic notions such as shura, fatwa, shari’a, madrasa, and jihad in their reports on the region. Little information...

    Oct 2001
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  • The Role of Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-finding in Civilian Protection

    The past several decades have seen a dramatic proliferation of monitoring, reporting, and fact-finding (MRF) missions mandated by governments and international organizations. In the recent session of the United Nations Human Rights Council alone, the Council discussed the most recent report of...

    Apr 2015
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  • The Separation Barrier and International Humanitarian Law

    This briefing note discusses the legal implications under international humanitarian law (IHL) of erecting and maintaining a separation barrier in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT). The main objective of this note is to review the applicable IHL rules and present the various legal...

    Feb 2004
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  • The Signal Code: A Human Rights Approach to Information During Crisis

    Visit the Signal Code Minisite

    The Signal Code is the result of a six month study by the Signal Program on Human Security and Technology at the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI) at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health to...

    Jan 2017
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  • The Temporal Scope of Application of International Humanitarian Law in Contemporary Conflicts

    When does the application of international humanitarian law properly begin and end in modern conflicts? Classical international law distinguished three types of armed conflict: (1) war; (2) civil war; and (3) armed hostilities short of war. The laws of war were applicable in time of war--from...

    Jun 2004
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  • The Typhoon Haiyan Response: Strengthening Coordination among Philippine Government, Civil Society, and International Actors

    Typhoon Haiyan devastated the central Philippines in November 2013, claiming more than 6,300 lives, displacing more than 4 million people, and disrupting the economy and livelihoods in some of the country’s poorest regions for years to come.

    The Haiyan response has been held up as a...

    Mar 2016
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  • The way we were trying to protect ourselves from the brutalities

    The way we were trying to protect ourselves from the brutalities of the rebels, if they come, being people who believed in God, we could pray. If God allows you to go hide in the bush with our children - that would be entirely depending on good luck, and there one could hide with their...

    The World Humanitarian Summit: Outcomes and Reflections

    The World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) convened 9,000 representatives from humanitarian agencies, governments, crisis-affected communities, and the private sector. Driven by a consensus that the current humanitarian system is unable to cope with the intensifying needs of populations affected by...

    Jun 2016
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  • Théo Boutruche

    Théo Boutruche holds a PhD in International Law from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (Geneva) and from the Aix-Marseille Faculty of Law (France).  He is currently the Post-Conflict Legal Adviser at REDRESS in London.  Previously, he worked...

    There were families who suffered heavy loss

    There were families who suffered heavy loss of lives of their family members and counseling was very important. People counseled one another while in problem so that they could become more resilient. U04