All Resources

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Living With Fear: A Population-Based Survey on Attitudes About Peace, Justice, and Social Reconstruction in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

After years of armed conflict, instability, and human rights violations, in 2006 the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) held its first elections since independence. Despite this success, eastern DRC grapples with major challenges in achieving security, social reconstruction, and...

Aug 2008
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  • Private Security Companies In The Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT): An International Humanitarian Law Perspective

    Recent incidents involving private security companies1 (PSCs) in Iraq have raised questions among governments and international agencies regarding the appropriate legal framework to regulate these organizations as well as to determine both company and employer liability under international...

    Mar 2008
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  • ATHA: Humanitarian Coordination: An Overview

    A vital component of humanitarian action is the coordination among all actors involved in the delivery of humanitarian assistance. Coordination within this field allows for the most efficient, cost effective, and successful operations possible. Groups seeking access to beneficiary populations...

    Jan 2008
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  • When the War Ends: A Population-Based Survey on Attitudes about Peace, Justice, and Social Reconstruction in Northern Uganda

    Ravaged by 21 years of war and destruction, Northern Uganda faces serious obstacles in achieving reconciliation and accountability for violations of human rights and international humanitarian law. While security in the region has improved since the migration of the Lord’s Resistance Army...

    Dec 2007
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  • Empowered Groups, Tested Laws, and Policy Options: Report on an International Seminar on Transnational and Non-State Armed Groups

    The rising importance of non-state armed groups is heightened by three post-Cold War phenomena: the increased fragmentation of states into smaller self-governing entities, the augmented privatization of warfare, and, by virtue of the expansion of global communication networks, the inflated...

    Nov 2007
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  • IHL and Civilian Participation in Hostilities

    This policy brief reviews the legal questions associated with the participation of civilians in hostilities. This issue represents a critical challenge to the protection of civilians in current conflicts, particularly when hostilities are conducted in the midst of civilian populations and assets...

    Oct 2007
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  • 2007 Humanitarian Health Conference Report Sep 2007
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  • The Role and Responsibilities of Civil Society in International Humanitarian Law Formulation and Application

    This paper examines the relationship between the legal framework of international humanitarian law (IHL) and civil society actors operating in conflict situations. Attention is paid to assessing the manner in which the latter can play a role in strengthening the humanitarian dimension of the...

    Jun 2007
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  • Abducted: The Lord's Resistance Army and Forced Conscription in Northern Uganda

    Since the late 1980s, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), a spiritualist rebel group with no clear political agenda, has abducted tens of thousands of children and adults to serve as porters and soldiers. In the early 1990s, children who escaped from the LRA or were captured by Ugandan...

    Jun 2007
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  • From Legal Theory to Policy Tools: IHL and International Human Rights Law May 2007
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  • "Hope and Despair over Health in Gaza," BMJ vol.333 (by Allan G Hill, Cari Jo Clark, Ismail Lubbad and Claude Bruderlein)

    The Israeli re-invasion of Gaza this July has redrawn the world’s attention to the dire straits of the population living in the Gaza Strip. There, within an area the size of the Isle of Wight, 1.4 million people live without free access to the outside world. Contrary to international hopes, the...

    Oct 2006
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  • Designing Security

    Humanitarian organizations operate in increasingly hostile environments. Although authoritative statistics are scarce, anecdotal evidence suggests that aid workers face life-threatening risks that are exacerbated by the growing number of humanitarian organizations operating in the field with...

    Oct 2006
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  • 2006 Humanitarian Health Conference Report Sep 2006
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  • Rebuilding After Katrina: A Population-Based Study of Labor and Human Rights in New Orleans

    In August 2005, Hurricane Katrina swept through New Orleans and the surrounding communities, inflicting massive destruction and displacing hundreds of thousands. In the wake of the disaster, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security lifted minimum wage restrictions, thus creating an...

    Jun 2006
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  • Population Projections for Socioeconomic Development in the Gaza Strip

    By all accounts, demographic pressures in the Gaza Strip — in terms of population density, age structure, and growth rate — are extraordinarily high compared to neighboring countries and regions. This population pressure, combined with limited resources and territorial isolation, places immense...

    Jun 2006
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  • "Managing Security Risks in Hazardous Missions: The Challenges of Securing United Nations Access to Vulnerable Groups,"

    Over the last decade, the United Nations (“U.N.”) has taken a central role in the international community’s response to the consequences of disasters and armed conºicts. Increasingly, international strategies to cope with instability and armed conºicts rely on the deployment of the staff of U.N...

    May 2006
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  • “Taking Islamic Law Seriously: INGOs and the Battle for Muslim Hearts and Minds,”

    Behind the doors of the most inºuential human rights organizations in the world, a crisis has been forming. It is a crisis that has become more acute with the increased global media, military, and economic focus on the Middle East/Muslim world since the September 11, 2001, attacks. The Middle...

    May 2006
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  • Transnationality, War and the Law - Roundtable Report

    On October 30, 2005, the Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research at Harvard University (HPCR) brought together a select group of international experts for a discussion on the theme of “The Transformation of Warfare, International Law, and the Role of Transnational Armed Groups.” The...

    Apr 2006
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  • Transnational Armed Groups and International Humanitarian Law

    The concept of ‘transnational armed groups’ has been used increasingly since September 11, 2001 by those who consider the ‘war on terror’ to be an armed conflict and who wish to apply the laws of armed conflict, called international humanitarian law (IHL), to that conflict (rather than human...

    Feb 2006
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  • ATHA: Security of Humanitarian Staff

    Humanitarian organizations operate in increasingly hostile environments. Although authoritative statistics are scarce, anecdotal evidence suggests that aid workers face life-threatening risks that are exacerbated by the growing number of humanitarian organizations operating in the field with...

    Jan 2006
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  • "Al-Qaida : une guerre non lineaire,"

    L’après-guerre froide a été marqué par une rupture dans la réglementation internationale régissant le recours à la force. Malgré le potentiel dévastateur des armes nucléaires, la Guerre froide avait la vertu de réguler le flux de violence1 . Elle constituait un déploiement tangible de forces...

    Dec 2005
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  • Cluster Bombs: Is There a Case for New Law?

    The numerous unexploded bomblets, or submunitions, discarded on the battlefield as a result of cluster munition attacks have attracted widespread criticism, particularly from non‐governmental organizations, prompting suggestions that new international law arrangements should be agreed to address...

    Oct 2005
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  • War, Technology, and International Humanitarian Law Jul 2005
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  • Non-Linearity of Engagement: Transnational Armed Groups, International Law, and the Conflict between Al Qaeda and the United States

    The conflict between Al Qaeda and the United States illustrates the evolution of warfare in three respects. • First, in an effort to compensate for the disparity in logistical military capability, a non-state actor party to an international conflict has sought to expand the platform of combat,...

    Jul 2005
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  • Forgotten Voices: A Population-Based Survey on Attitudes About Peace and Justice in Northern Uganda

    After two decades of armed conflict waged by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) in Northern Uganda, Ugandans and the international community remain divided on how to effectively pursue and obtain peace and justice. This study presents Ugandans’ exposures to violence, the needs and concerns...

    Jul 2005
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